2019 Summer Music Education Directory

It may be cold and windy as you read this, and you may feel as though 2019 has just barely started, but don’t suppress that hopeful feeling – summer is travelling in our direction quickly! With longer days and liberated timetables come new opportunities to consider music-making in fresh new settings. If you’re contemplating summer music programs for yourself, your children or your whole family this year, our annual Focus on Summer Music Education is the place to start, and now is the time to flex your planning muscles.

Regardless of your level of skill, from amateur to professional, there are numerous choices for you to look over. The profiles below, presented by the programs themselves, illustrate an abundance of chances for you to sharpen your aptitudes, discover new ones, and make lifelong associations and friendships. There are programs designed for classical musicians and vocalists, with many opportunities for performance; others offer sessions in jazz, rock, music theatre, composition and even philosophy! There are, of course, programs for children and toddlers as well as programs for teachers, and everything from residential intensives in picturesque settings to day programs and courses nearer to home. Truly, there is something for everybody. But don’t delay - some of them fill up quickly!

This directory will be maintained and updated online on an ongoing basis, year round, so check back here for updates or look for the print version of the directory, published in our March 2019 issue.

To join The WholeNote Summer Music Education Directory: address inquiries to karen@thewholenote.com or call 416-323-2232 x26.

The WholeNote Directory Team

Project Manager: Karen Ages
Project Editor: Kevin King
Layout and design: Susan Sinclair
Proofreading: Danial Jazaeri
Website: Kevin King

Lake MacDonald, 85 Chemin Cammac, Harrington, Québec
June 24 to August 12

Contact: Julie Roy
Deadline: May 1
Cost: $775 - $2,000
Residential program

CAMMAC Music CentreThis is a family music camp for amateur musicians aged 5 to 99 years. Children under the age of 18 must be accompanied by an adult participant. The program consists of 7 independent week-long sessions, each with a different musical theme, from Early Music to Classical to Jazz; Chamber music to Choral music; traditional to Celtic to other world music. Professional musicians, carefully chosen for their positive attitude and their excellent pedagogy, will coach, conduct, teach and encourage all participants to improve their musical level. Amateurs of all levels are welcome, and all have the life-changing opportunity of making music with other amateurs in a supportive atmosphere, and a stunningly beautiful natural environment situated on the banks of Lake MacDonald in the Laurentians.

Bishop's University, 2600 Rue College, Sherbrooke, QC
July 6 to 13

Contact: Esfir Dyachkov
Cost: $75 (Registration), $620 (Educational Program), $520 (Food and Lodging)
Residential and day programs
Camp Hours: 8:45am to 9pm (8:45am to 5:30pm for very young campers)

Camp musical TuttiCamp musical Tutti takes place in the picturesque Eastern Townships. Our goal is to encourage students to love making music. We run residential and day camps, and we offer a flex-stay program. Partial scholarships are available. As a non-profit organization, we will present our annual benefit concert, featuring 3 pianists and 1 cellist, all winners of prestigious international competitions, on April 16 at Bourgie Hall, 1339 Sherbrooke St. West, Montreal H3G 1G2. We welcome participants of all ages (children/adults), all levels and all instruments. We teach in English, French and Russian. Courses include choir, masterclasses, individual lessons, chamber music, orchestra, theatre, art, swimming and other recreational activities. We end with a gala concert open to the public.

Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts, Toronto, ON
July 2 to 27

Contact: COC Box Office
Deadline: Until Full
Cost: $300 - $360 (depending on age)
Camp Hours: 9am to 3:30 or 4pm (depending on age)

Canadian Opera Company Summer Opera Camps and Summer Opera ImmersionThe Canadian Opera Company’s Summer Opera Camps offer children entering grades 1-8 an immersive operatic experience. Participants will playfully explore opera as both creators and performers, while developing their skills in a fun, yet intensive, week-long camp. Weekly activities include story creation, singing, composing, acting, improvisation, and costume, props and set design. The Summer Opera Immersion, for students in grades 9-12+, runs from July 22-27. Participants will work with professional artists to create and design their own opera, nurture performance skills, and experience every element of an opera come together in a final performance for family and friends. Ideal for any arts-loving teen. All levels of experience welcome.

London, Canada and Lucca, Italy
May 1 to 26, July 1 to August 11

Contact: Carmen Specht and Brianna DeSantis
519-661-2111 x80047
Deadline: Until full – contact for details
Cost: Various – see website for details (housing included for AEDO only)
Residential program

Canadian Operatic Arts Academy COAA and Accademia Europea Dell Opera AEDOTwo opera intensives from the Don Wright Faculty of Music at Western University: COAA is an elite international program that provides singers, pianists and directors with the skills to obtain, realize and sustain a prolific and rewarding career in the operatic profession. AEDO, in Lucca, Italy, presents the ultimate European opera experience for singers, pianists, directors and instrumentalists with four fully-staged operas*: Handel’s Ariodante, Mozart’s La Clemenza di Tito, Puccini’s Gianni Schicchi & Suor Angelica, and Puccini’s La Bohème. Audition required. *Final repertoire selection to be confirmed upon completion of auditions. General director: Sophie Louise Roland. Artistic director: Simone Luti.

Jumblies Theatre, 132 Fort York Blvd., Toronto, ON
May 18 to 19

Contact: Christian Howes / Victoria Yeh
Deadline: May 15
Cost: $500
Camp Hours: 10am to 6pm (Sat & Sun)

Creative Strings WorkshopThis intensive weekend conference will include masterclasses, group lessons, and chamber music coaching for performers and teachers on bowed strings seeking transformative growth and professional development. A 3-hour intro session option is also available.
The Creative Strings Workshop will focus on Creative Musicianship– Free Improvisation, Arranging, Composition, Modal, Harmonic, and Rhythmic internalization, Contemporary styles, and more!
Students, professional performers and teachers are welcome, including advanced jazz players and those with no improvisation training.
Hosted by one of the world’s most acclaimed jazz/improv violinists, Christian Howes, along with fusion electric violinist co-host Victoria Yeh.

St-Irénée, Charlevoix, QC
June 2 to August 18

Contact: Rachel Tremblay
Deadline: February 15
Cost: Depending on session and duration of stay
Residential program

Domaine Forget International Music and Dance AcademyDomaine Forget is an academy of music and dance recognized internationally for its outstanding quality of instruction. It is here, on the heights of Saint-Irénée in the magnificent Charlevoix region, that some 500 young students from around the world gather every summer. On the program: masterclasses, individual lessons, chamber music, lectures, special workshops and concerts for every taste.

678 Lakeshore Rd., Grafton, ON

Contact: Folk Camp Canada
Deadline: Early Bird - March 2019
Cost: $600 (early bird)

Folk CampFolk Camp is a family-friendly, week-long program of traditional music, song, dance, and craft workshops. Our camp offers the chance to live in community with fellow folk, learning & embracing village ways, exploring and sharing traditional skills, all in the beautiful rural setting of southern Ontario. This summer, join us for classes in European Folk Ensemble, Balfolk Dance, Introduction to Button Accordion, Ukrainian Polyphonic Singing, Finnish Kantele, Bulgarian Singing, Georgian Polyphony, & so much more!

Sault Ste. Marie, ON
July 21 to August 3

Contact: Frank Deresti
Deadline: May 30
Cost: $2,000
Residential program

Great Lakes International Summer Music InstituteWe are a 2 week summer program catering to advanced string, piano and voice students in late high school or university. Through a holistic and collaborative approach, our intensive program aims to provide students with a transformative experience that will positively impact their futures as musicians and as inspired leaders in their fields. Students will arrive playing at a high level on their instruments, and will leave with a wealth of new knowledge, skills, perspective and inspiration. Students will receive lessons from highly-skilled faculty as well as collaborating in daily chamber music rehearsals, performing in masterclasses and recitals, attending workshops and presentations on various topics, attending faculty concerts, and exploring Lake Superior Park and other local attractions.

Don Wright Faculty of Music, Western University, London, ON
June 5 to 8

Contact: Patrick Schmidt
(519) 661-2111 x85339
Deadline: Until full – contact for details
Cost: Early bird (by March 20): $275 non-students, $95 students. Regular prices: $300 non-students, $120 students
Day program

International Symposium on the Philosophy of Music EducationThis international symposium will bring together a diverse array of international philosophers, scholars, teachers, teacher educators, and performers interested in engaging in philosophical research regarding music education. The symposium seeks to encourage and stimulate discussions on a wide range of topics related to philosophy of music education from international and interdisciplinary perspectives. This includes in particular research concerned with intersections of philosophy of music education and music education policy, or comparative and international music education. Conference chair: Patrick Schmidt. Pre-conference workshop for doctoral students June 3 to 5. See website for more details.

Camp Manitou, McKellar, ON
August 18 to 23, August 24 to September 1

Contact: Anne Fleming-Read
Cost: $875.00 - $998.00
Residential program

Interprovincial Music CampIMC offers programs for orchestra, band, rock, jazz, choir, musical theatre, songwriting and sound engineering. The camp has been providing young musicians with exceptional musical training and unforgettable summer-camp experiences since 1961. Campers fine-tune skills as musicians, develop friendships and forge a lifelong love of music while enjoying the setting of one of Canada’s finest camp facilities. The IMC experience includes housing, meals, classes, sectionals, large and small ensembles, faculty concerts, recreational activities and evening programs. Each session, IMC concludes with performances for family and friends. Our faculty includes Canada’s finest performers and educators. For more information, visit www.campIMC.ca. IMC – the highlight of a young musician’s summer!

Geneva Park on Lake Couchiching, Orillia, ON
June 27 to July 7

Contact: Jacob Lakirovich
Deadline: May 1
Cost: $2,635
Residential program

JVL Summer School for Performing Arts International Music in the Summer FestivalThis festival will feature a full program of masterclasses, concerts and competitions. The programs of the school encompass private lessons with internationally-renowned teachers, masterclasses and workshops, chamber music classes, orchestral and ensemble classes, solo performances with the Academy orchestras, and solo and chamber music recitals, as well as special seminars for Ear Training, Composition and Theory of Music. Participation in the festival is incredibly valuable for musicians of all ages and levels. The extensive musical training they will receive during this period will inevitably have a great impact on their personal growth as musicians and as individuals, and it is evident that students have benefited from these tremendous learning opportunities in the past 17 years.

Based in a public school in Kincardine, ON, on Lake Huron
August 11 to 16

Contact: Deborah Schnarr
Deadline: August 8
Cost: $180 - $200
Camp Hours: 9am to 3:50pm

Kincardine Summer Music FestivalDaytime music classes August 12 to 16 are for everyone from beginners to experienced players. Last year half the students were adults!
Beginner, Junior and Senior levels of strings, bands, orchestra, fiddle, guitar and vocal programs. Senior strings and band members create the Festival Orchestra. Have fun, meet new friends and include your family! Fees run $180 to $200 and include tickets to the August Evening Concert Series August 12 to 16. Secure online registration. Discounts and scholarships available.
Celebrating its 28th anniversary, KSMF is renowned for consistently excellent programming, presenting fabulous live concerts featuring brilliant vocalists and instrumentalists. Jazz, blues, world and classical music and more! Music and the beach - what could be better?

Kingsway Conservatory of Music, 2848 Bloor Street W., Toronto, ON
July 1 to August 16 (weekly programs)

Contact: Sharon Burlacoff
Deadline: Registration open; early-bird savings deadline March 29
Cost: Program costs vary
Program hours vary

Kingsway Conservatory Summer Music 2019KCM provides summer programs for various ages and experience levels to engage and inspire! For Summer 2019: Kingsway Chamber Music Festival - Strings & Piano for Intermediate & Senior levels (strings min RCM Gr 3, piano min RCM Gr 5) including coachings, orchestra rehearsals, group composition, workshops, guest artists; "Willy Wonka KIDS" (8-12 years) and "Alice in Wonderland JR" (10-14 years) music theatre camps - preparing and presenting fantastic, full-scale musical productions on a professional stage; Triple-Threat Arts Discovery Camps (4-8 years) inspiring self-expression through music, art and drama; Suzuki/Traditional Strings Camp (4-10 years) for string players in their beginning years; Woodwind Intensive Workshops for varying ages/levels; private instruction on all instruments.

Don Wright Faculty of Music, Western University, London, ON
July 1 to 12

Contact: Cathy Benedict
Deadline: Until full – contact for details
Cost: $795
Day Program

Kodaly Certification Programs Level I II and IIIIn this intensive program, participants will strengthen their musicianship and pedagogical skills, with content grounded in a contemporary understanding of the philosophy inspired by Zoltán Kodály. Participants will engage in musically educative opportunities through singing, reading, writing, moving and creating to build skills and knowledge to assist in classroom music teaching and learning. Level I is appropriate for experienced teachers, emerging teachers and graduate students. Level II is open to those who have successfully completed a KSC or OAKE certified Kodály Level I course. Level III is open to those who have successfully completed a KSC or OAKE certified Kodály Level I and Level II course. The Kodály Society of Canada certifies candidates who successfully complete Level III.

Lakefield College School, Lakefield, ON
August 11 to 18

Contact: Andrew Wolf
Deadline: June 30
Cost: $1,199 - $1,499
Residential program

Lake Field Music CampLake Field Music camp brings together adult amateur musicians of all ages with intermediate to advanced skills in a friendly and supportive environment. The one-week program focuses on classical and jazz with a sampling of world and popular music. Participants build their own program from more than 50 workshops, technique and masterclasses, choirs and instrumental ensembles coached by 20 experienced instructors specializing in vocals, strings, woodwinds, brass, piano, guitar, bass and percussion. Classes for beginners are also offered for those wanting to try something new. Evening concerts provide performance opportunities and a chance to hear the instructors. The beautiful waterfront campus includes a performance theatre, onsite accommodations and meal plan. Day program also available.

Church of the Holy Trinity, 10 Trinity Square, Toronto, ON
May to November

Anny Fyreagle
Deadline: May 26
Cost: $1,499
Residential program

Making WavesMaking Waves is a musical improvisation skill building program for CircleSinging. Making stuff up can be intimidating if you are a professional or amateur. This 9-session program, taught by Anny Fyreagle over 5 months which includes 4 masterclasses with Judi Vinar, David Worm, Joey Blake and Rhiannon of Gimme5 with Bobby McFerrin, will build confidence in your musical palette, where to draw your inspiration from and how to make choices. If you are a musician, songwriter, producer or just want to learn how to build songs in community or on your own, Making Waves will give you the skills to confidently join in the river of song. We end giving our song to the moment in a final concert.

Prince Edward County, ON
July 21 to August 18

Contact: Meg Hill
Rolling Admissions
Cost: $855 - $975/week, financial aid available
Residential program

Music at Port Milford2019 marks Music at Port Milford’s 33rd year of bringing internationally-renowned artist faculty and students with a passion for chamber music together to create an inspiring summer music experience. Throughout July and August, this experience is proudly shared with Prince Edward County, as the students and faculty bring the highest calibre of chamber music to Ontario. 2019 Faculty Artists include Quatuor Saguenay (formerly Alcan), Adrian Fung, Min-Jeong Koh, Tokai Quartet, pianists Andrea Botticelli and Allison Gagnon, select members of Canadian Opera Company, Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Faculty from the Phil and Eli Taylor Performance Academy, and Royal Conservatory of Music.

St. Mark’s Anglican Church, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON
July 20 to July 28

Contact: Barbara Worthy
Deadline: June 15
Cost: $990 + HST
Residential program

Music Niagara Performance AcademyMusic Niagara’s Performance Academy is a 9-day program offering a unique blend of individual lessons, masterclasses, chamber music, interactive workshops, and public performances, for gifted young musicians age 12-18; to improve, complement and enhance musical performance and stage presence.
Masterclasses: open lessons, and solo/group chamber music instruction with acclaimed faculty and festival artists;
Workshops: public presentation, vocal skills, body language and performance presentation style;
Drama: from Shakespeare to improvisation, scenes, games, text and activities;
Period Dance: body movement and fitness, dancing to the music you play;
Alexander Technique: relieve physical stress, improve performance strength
Students are also guaranteed up to four public performances.

Ridley College, St. Catharines, ON
July 1 to 12, July 15 - 26

Contact: Brody Smith
905-687-4993 x223
Deadline: July 1
Cost: $190 - $410
Camp Hours: 9am to 3:30pm

Niagara Symphony Summer Music CampEnriched music education, a range of classes for children aged 18 months to 18 years.  Instrument, Choral and Early Years programmes offered for beginners and experienced players taught by experienced musicians and music educators. Extended Care available, recreation and music appreciation activities round out the day. Two, 2-week sessions to choose from: July 1 to 12, and July 15 to 26. Bursaries available. For serious advanced students of music, the Academy @ SMC offers a 4-week intensive with theory, repertoire development and audition prep, ideal for those considering post-secondary studies in music. Contact summercamp@niagarasymphony.org or 905-687-4993 x223 with questions.
Something for all at SMC'19!

Harmony Centre, Owen Sound, ON
July 15 to 20

Contact: Sebastian Ostertag
Deadline: June 30
Cost: $199 – $329
Camp Hours: 9am to 4pm

Orchestra North Owen SoundOrchestra North Owen Sound boasts a renowned faculty of nationally acclaimed musicians specializing in diverse musical styles that will inspire musicians of all ages and abilities. 2019 Programs include: Beginner Strings (half-day): A fun and engaging introduction to string playing and orchestra (ages  5-10); Orchestral Winds & Strings (full-day): An intensive training program for musicians eager to develop their technique and refine their musicianship skills (ages 10+); Orchestra North Academy (residency): A mentorship program for musicians currently enrolled in or recently completed post-secondary education to train and perform with our professional faculty. Academy players receive honorariums upon completion of the program. Financial assistance is available for all programs.

The Avondale, 194 Avondale Ave, Stratford, ON
August 14 to 21

Contact: Lana Mau
510-271-2101 x3
Deadline: Friday, March 29
Cost: $1,200 for vocalists, full scholarship for pianists
Day program

The Vocal Academy returns to Stratford Summer Music for a fifth year and will offer intensive training in professional preparation (opera, oratorio, art song) and in performance skills for six to eight graduate, post-graduate, and early professional-level singers, and for two pianists pursuing a career in vocal accompaniment. Participants will receive daily individual sessions with the internationally recognized faculty, and will take part in Master Classes which will be open to the public. The program will culminate in a Finale concert with all participants.
New this year: the opportunity to work on vocal chamber music with visiting professional string players. 2019 Faculty - Phillip Addis, voice; Emily Hamper, vocal coach; Roger Honeywell, acting; Erin Wall, voice; Others TBA.

Saugeen Shores, ON
July 22 to 26

Contact: Kimberly Lake
Deadline: July 22 2019
Cost: $250
Camp Hours: 8:30am to 4pm

Summer MusicStudents of all ages can enrol at Summer Music in beautiful Saugeen Shores on Lake Huron. Our camp has been operating for 30 years.
Summer Music is a day camp teaching band instruments to students age 12 through adult who have had a year of instruction already. We also offer beginner classes to young children in half day courses; there is a jazz component for more experienced players. Our instructors are all highly qualified professionals from our area and from farther afield.

Faculty of Music, University of Toronto
June 2-15, 2019

Contact: Laëtitia Lancellotta
416-964-9562 x241
Deadline: March 1
Cost: $1,395
Residential program

Tafelmusik Baroque Summer InstituteThe Tafelmusik Baroque Summer Institute (TBSI) is a world-renowned training program in instrumental and vocal baroque performance practice, led by some of the world’s finest musicians in the field. Since its inception in 2002, TBSI has continued to attract high-calibre musicians from far and wide. Consider joining an amazing group of musicians to delve into the world of baroque music: we promise you an intensive learning experience and lots of wonderful music-making.
The TBSI program includes orchestra and choir rehearsals, masterclasses in solo repertoire, chamber ensembles, opera scene study for vocalists, private lessons, lectures and workshops, classes in baroque dance and public concerts by both participants and faculty.

Edward Johnson Building, Faculty of Music, University of Toronto, ON
July 29 to August 3

Contact: Jennifer Mak
647-430-5699 x111
Deadline: Rolling Applications (April 26 for the Chamber Music Program)
Cost: $750 for the Chamber Choir; $950 for the Chamber Music Program, Piano Masterclass, and Bass Workshop
Camp Hours: 9am to 5pm, with evening concerts and events

Toronto Summer Music Community AcademyIf you’re an advanced amateur musician looking to connect with other musicians, join the TSM Community Academy, where you can spend a fun week making music with our Festival artists! Participants enjoy access to all mainstage TSM Festival Concerts, lectures, events (July 29 to August 3), as well as the opportunity to perform onstage at Walter Hall.

St. John's, NL
August 5 to 18

Contact: Krista Vincent
Deadline: February 15
Cost: $1,100 + accommodations
Residential program

Tuckamore Festival Young Artist ProgramEach August in historic St. John's, the Tuckamore Festival brings together aspiring young string players and pianists, aged 16 and over, for an immersive two-week chamber music program. In addition to providing professional-level performance opportunities, workshops, masterclasses and private and small-group coaching by award-winning faculty and guest artists, the festival offers participants a chance to experience the cultural heritage of this unique region of Canada. Participants stay on the Memorial University campus, just a short walk from colourful downtown St. John's and organized trips outside the city are offered. Scholarships are also available for successful applicants. Guest artists for 2019 include the Parker Quartet, Bergmann Piano Duo, Erika Raum, and Duo Concertante.

RCM TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning, 273 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON
August 12 to 18

Contact: Lessia Tkach/Marianna Zaparyniuk
Deadline: Open until full. Program limited to 8 participants.
Cost: $800.00
Camp Hours: 9:30am to 6pm (Assigned rehearsals in the evening)

Ukrainian Art Song Summer InstituteUkrainian Art Song Summer Institute 2019, held at the Royal Conservatory's TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning, offers eight professional/emerging artists the unique opportunity to develop their classical singing skills while exploring a new repertoire of Ukrainian art songs. Participants will benefit from a week of collaborative masterclasses, teaching materials, and generous, one-on-one coaching by an inspiring and knowledgeable faculty. They will learn how to express an art song, no matter what form or language. The week will end with a public showcase concert at the Temerty Theatre.
Faculty members include artistic director Pavlo Hunka (British bass-baritone), Albert Krywolt (piano), Robert Kortgaard (piano) and Dr. Melanie Turgeon (choral director). Accommodation is available.

Vancouver, BC
June 24 to July 3

Contact: Ryan Kett
604-684-9100 x246
Deadline: March 3
Cost: $1,350
Residential program

Vancouver Symphony Orchestral InstituteThe Vancouver Symphony Orchestral Institute, on the exquisite oceanfront campus of the University of British Columbia, offers young musicians an experience and education like no other. Students are immersed in a collaborative musical environment, mentored by musicians of the Grammy & Juno Award-winning VSO and music director Otto Tausk. At the VSOI, students participate in the Institute Orchestra, chamber music, masterclasses, and a variety of exceptional performance opportunities. Playing and learning in the breathtaking, arts-rich surroundings of the city of Vancouver, your time at the VSOI will be an unforgettable musical experience close to nature, a world-class orchestra, and outstanding young musicians from around the world. Ages 15-25. Concerto Competition. Conducting residencies.

Campbellford, ON
July 8 to 13

Contact: Ben Finley
Deadline: March 15, 2019
Cost: $0
Residential program

Westben Performer Composer Residency ProgramThe Performer-Composer Residency at the Westben Centre for Connection & Creativity is an intergenerational and international gathering of creative risk-takers whose practice involves some combination of performance and composition. It is an intensive, week long collaborative environment, with peer-led workshops culminating in a final performance – deeply woven into the beautiful rolling hills of Canada’s Northumberland County. This is not a typical summer music program; it is not based on teacher-student divisions, tuition or competition. Designed for leading professional and dedicated emerging musicians from Canada and beyond, it encourages perspectival exchanges within a plurality of approaches to music-making while sharing a commitment to building communities through music.

Don Wright Faculty of Music, Western University, London, ON
July 22 to 26

Contact: Kevin Watson
519-661-2111 x85896
Deadline: July 15 or Until Instrument Slots are Filled
Cost: $250 ($221.24 + $28.76 HST) - includes lunch
Camp Hours: 8:30am to 4:30pm

Western University Summer Band CampOffering students entering grades 8 to 11 a musically engaging experience on the beautiful Western University campus, including a final concert presented in the Paul Davenport Theatre. In addition to performing in a concert band, students will be able to choose from other elective musical experiences, including sound painting and jazz ensemble. Because this is primarily a band camp, every student must participate on a wind or percussion instrument (see website for instrument list). Students may participate in the elective Jazz Ensemble on piano or guitar. Oboists are also welcome to audit Western’s four-day Oboe Intensive (taking place the same week) at no additional charge. See website for full details. Conductors: Kevin Watson, Colleen Richardson.

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